a. The Herefordshire Landscape by Elizabeth Barret Browning – Purely provokes a sense of place:
Heavy use of descriptive imagery which evokes countryside or farm land: “Hills, vales woods”, “cattle grazing in the watered vales”, “smell of orchards”.
Use of repetition to emphasise housing as place ” cottage-chimney’s…cottage-gardens”.
Use of sensory imagery, in particular smell , which is often a strong link for people to certain place or moment in time or associated with certain belongings or physical locations: “cottage-gardens smelling everywhere, confused with the smell of orchards”.
b. Slough by John Betjeman – Makes a social comment about progress and place;
Makes strong negative connection between progress and it’s affect on place of slough. This is evident as he invites destruction on the town of slough; “Come friendly bombs and fall on Slough!…Swarm over, Death….”
He also makes a particular point for the destruction of that which seems to represent industrialisation or modernisation “Come, bombs and blow to smithereens, those air conditioned, bright canteens”.
Repetition of the word “Tinned” adds to the sense of frustration or claustrophobia.
Use of the phrase “Tinned minds, Tinned breath”, imagery of trapped thoughts or function of people, is in juxtaposition to the freedom or open space touched upon early by the mention of ” grass to graze a cow”.
c. The Lost Land by Evan Boland – Speaks about place in relation to identity and exile;
It’s clear there’s a sense of affection and heartbreak at the loss of this land, even the description of Dublin bay “it’s rocky sweep” seems romantic and nostalgic.
There’s imagery associated with exile “backing out on the mailboat at twilight”, the process seems like it’s in haste and hidden due to being last in the evening.
Use of “shadows falling…the darkness coming in fast” – darkness as an image for ultimate cut off, you cannot see anything in the dark. Adds to sense of swift exit, and finality of the move.
Sense of identity tied to the place is clear in language associated with attachment “everything they had to leave, and would love forever?”
Description of lost land as “all the names I know for a lost land: Ireland. Absence. Daughter” – implies physical loss of land, e.g. Ireland, but also incompleteness and lack of identity, ‘absence’. Also strong emotional loss suggested by the word ‘Daughter’.